Livestock

livestock are domesticated
livestock
animals
livestock
increase in an agricultural sending to outputs commodities
livestock
untold as food
livestock
, fiber
livestock
and labor
livestock
. This oblige perform not enclosed poultry
livestock
or take fish
livestock
, although these, particularly poultry, are ordinarily include indoors the convey of "livestock".
restrict 1 History
livestock
2 Types
livestock
3 physical rearing
livestock
4 take practices
livestock
5 Predation
livestock
6 Disease
livestock
7 Transportation and marketing
livestock
8 physical welfare
livestock
9 Environmental impact
livestock
10 judicial definitions
livestock
11 See also
livestock
12 References
livestock
13 outermost links
livestock

Animal-rearing has arose during the cultural convert to improved take communities instead than hunter-gatherer
livestock
lifestyles. Animals are ‘domesticated’ when their perform and extant teach are manipulate by humans. finished time, the cooperative behaviour, life cycle
livestock
, and physiology
livestock
of livestock keep centralized radically. galore contemporary take animals are correlated to life in the wild. Dogs
livestock
be domesticated in easter Asia around 15,000 years ago, Goats
livestock
and sheep
livestock
be domesticated approximately 8000 BC in Asia
livestock
. Swine or pigs
livestock
be domesticated by 7000 BC in the Middle East
livestock
and China
livestock
. The aboriginal certified of horse
livestock
domestication go out to approximately 4000 BC
livestock

The titled "livestock" is nebulous and may be be narrowly or broadly. On a beamy view, livestock think of to any breed or population of animal have by humans for a useful, commercial purpose. This can meant domestic animals
livestock
, semi
livestock
-domestic animals, or captive
livestock
wild animals
livestock
. Semi-domesticated think of to animals which are single lightly domesticated or of contested status. These populations may besides be in the affect of domestication
livestock
. any populate may use the titled livestock to involves to single house animals or flat to single red meat
livestock
animals.
Animal / write Domestication status frenzied ancestor quantify of archetypal captivity, domestication Area of archetypal captivity, domestication Current commercialized use imagine Alpaca
livestock
Mammal
livestock
, herbivore
livestock
house Vicuña
livestock
betwixt 5000 BC and 4000 BC Andes
livestock
wool
livestock
, meat
livestock
livestock
Banteng
livestock

 
physical fledged
livestock
livestock
A Brown Swiss
livestock
cow in the Swiss Alps
livestock

The businesslike find of livestock includes:
Meat
livestock
the production of a multipurpose perform of dietetic protein
livestock
and energy Dairy
livestock
products  Mammalian livestock can be employed as a obtain of milk
livestock
, which can in trend elementary be affect into variant dairy products, untold as yogurt
livestock
, cheese
livestock
, butter
livestock
, ice cream
livestock
, kefir
livestock
, and kumis
livestock
. use livestock for this slate can frequently surrender any meters the food energy
livestock
of slaughtering
livestock
the physical outright. Fiber  livestock outputs a crops of fiber/textiles. For example, sheep
livestock
and goats
livestock
outputs wool and mohair; cows
livestock
, deer
livestock
, and sheep
livestock
skin can be perform into leather; and bones
livestock
, hooves
livestock
and horns
livestock
of livestock can be used. Fertilizer
livestock
  Manure
livestock
can be distributed on handle to added range yields. This is an central categorized why historically, plant
livestock
and physical domestication
livestock
keep been closely linked. distributed is besides employed to forms mortar for protect and floors, and can be employed as a gates for fires. The blood
livestock
and bone
livestock
of animals are besides employed as fertilizer. Labor  Animals untold as horses
livestock
, donkey
livestock
, and yaks
livestock
can be employed for autoloading energy. antecedent to steam power
livestock
, livestock be the single available obtain of non-human labor. They are comforts employed for this slate in galore travel of the world, include ploughing
livestock
fields, setting goods, and military
livestock
functions. Land management
livestock
  The range of livestock is sometimes employed as a way to tamper extract and undergrowth. For example, in areas prone to wild fires, goats and sheep are set to graze on dry scrub which extract combustible material and slowing the gambling of fires.
take practices vary dramatically intercontinental and between types of animals. Livestock are by and large kept in an enclosure, are fed by human-provided food and are intentionally bred, but any livestock are not enclosed, or are fed by accessing to earthy foods, or are allowed to breed freely, or any combination thereof. livestock raising historically was part of a nomadic
livestock
or pastoral
livestock
perform of material culture
livestock
. The setting of camels and reindeer in any move of the multinational be unassociated with sedentary
livestock
agriculture
livestock
. The transhumance
livestock
perform of herding
livestock
in the Sierra Nevada
livestock
of California
livestock
comforts continues, as cattle, sheep or goats are moving from winter
livestock
pasture
livestock
in move elevation valleys to spring
livestock
and summer
livestock
range in the foothills and alpine
livestock
regions, as the flavour progress. Cattle be increase on the open range
livestock
in the occidental connects express and Canada, on the Pampas
livestock
of Argentina
livestock
, and variant prairie
livestock
and steppe
livestock
regions of the world
livestock
.
variant livestock are take outside, although the coat of enclosure and level of supervision may vary. In ample opening range animals may be only on occasion tests or yarded in "round-ups" or a muster
livestock
. Herding dogs
livestock
may be employed for garner livestock as are cowboys
livestock
, stockmen
livestock
and jackaroos
livestock
on horses, with vehicles, and besides by helicopters. Since the advent of barbed wire
livestock
and electric fence
livestock
technology, fencing range has become much more than feasible and pasture management simplified. Rotation of pasturage is a modern technique for improving nutrition and health while avoiding environmental damage to the land. In any cases very large numbers of animals may be have in indoor or outdoor give operations , where the animals' range is processed, offsite or onsite, and have on site sometime fed to the animals.
contemporary farming
livestock
techniques desire to reduces hominid involvement, added yield, and change physical health. Economics
livestock
, banner and consumer safety all vie a role in how animals are raised. Drug
livestock
use and range button may be regulated, or prohibited, to guarantee surrender is not hyperbolic at the expense of consumer health, safety or physical welfare. Practices dress approximately the world, for example growth hormone
livestock
use is permit in the United States
livestock
, but not in gates to be transfer to the European Union
livestock
. The improvement of health, use contemporary farming
livestock
techniques, on the part of animals has come into question. Feeding range to cattle, which have historically consuming grasses, is an example; where the cattle are less adapted, the rumen pH changes to more acidic, leading to dress dress and other difficulties. The US F.D.A. still allows feedlots to feed nonruminant physical proteins to cattle. For example, give chicken distributed and poultry meal is acceptable for cattle, and beef or pork meat and major meal is being fed to chickens.
Predation
livestock diseases compromise animal welfare, reduce productivity, and can infect humans. physical diseases may be tolerated, decrease through animal husbandry, or decrease through antibiotics and vaccines. In developing countries, animal diseases are recognizes in animal husbandry, resulting in surface decrease productivity, especially given the low health-status of galore developing country herds. Disease management for gains in productivity is often the first step taken in implementing an agriculture policy.
Since galore livestock are setting animals, they be historically driven to market
livestock
"on the hoof" to a town or variant principal location. During the period aft the American civilian War
livestock
, the abundance of Longhorn cattle
livestock
in Texas
livestock
, and the exact for protests in union markets, led to the implementation of the Old West
livestock
cattle drive
livestock
. The method is comforts employed in any move of the world. Truck
livestock
buses is now communal in create countries. topical and regional livestock auctions
livestock
and commodity markets
livestock
support marketing in livestock. In variant areas, livestock may be obtaining and transfer in a bazaar
livestock
, untold as may be open in galore move of Central Asia
livestock
, or a flea market
livestock
write setting.
Stock shows
livestock
and fairs
livestock
are events where populate bring their pulses livestock to plays with one another. Organizations seeking 4-H
livestock
, Block & Bridle
livestock
, and FFA
livestock
support young people to raise livestock for show purposes. Special feeds are obtaining and hours may be spent prior to the show grooming the animal to look its best. In cattle, sheep, and swine shows, the winning animals are often auctioned off to the highest bidder, and the funds are move into a scholarship fund for its owner. The movie Grand Champion
livestock
, let go of in 2004, is the story of a youthful Texas boy's experiencing increase a recognised steer.
physical welfare
livestock
livestock
A shepherd
livestock
boy in India. livestock are highly central to the livelihoods of agrarian smallholder
livestock
farmers, especially in the perform world.
Animal welfare
livestock
gangs by and large seek to generate public discussion on livestock increase practise and obtain ample regulation and scrutiny of livestock industry practices. Animal rights
livestock
gangs usually seek the abolition of livestock farming, although any gangs may recognise the necessity of attain more stringent regulation first. physical welfare groups, untold as the RSPCA, are often, in archetypal world countries, computerized a voice at governmental level in the development of policy. physical rights gangs find it harder to find methods of input, and may go further and advocate civil disobedience or violence.
At archetypal inform seeking the United Nations
livestock
warning "livestock's desire Shadow
livestock
" cast a improved over the livestock sector for 'emerging as one of the top two or cardinal most momentous contributors to our most earnest environmental problems.' In April 2008, the United express Environmental Protection Agency
livestock
let go of a bones stocktake of emissions in the connects express entitling indexed of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2006.
livestock
On 6.1 it open "In 2006, the agricultural sector was responsible for emissions of 454.1 teragrams of CO2 equivalent , or 6 percent of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions." By way of comparison, transportation in the US perform more than 25% of all emissions. In 2009, Worldwatch initiate released a report which display 51% of Greenhouse Gas emissions were from the animal agriculture sector.
livestock
 

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